Step 1 - Healthy Gums

It typically always starts with the plaque, food leftovers and bacteria, that are not completley removed when brushing teeth.

Step 2 - Chronic Gingivitis

The plaque spreads out and becomes harder. This leads to tartar build-up, which cannot be removed with a toothbrush. The tartar can cause gingivitis, in which bacteria infect the gums. Chronic gingivitis is a plaque induced inflammatory lesion of the gingiva. Accumulation of dental plaque in the gingival sulcus initiates the development of an inflammatory lesion.


Step 3 - Chronic Periodontitis

The gums become inflamed, which can cause periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is bacterially induced inflammation of the periodontium. Approx. 54% of adults have some four mm pockets present. 5% of adults have pockets of 6mm or greater.